The rights of the citizens of the Federal Republic of Nigeria are contained in Chapter (II) and (IV) of the Country’s constitution, 1999.
The chapter II is titled, “Fundamental Objectives and directive Principles of State Policy”. The ‘rights’ contained therein are known as Social-economic rights. However, these rights are not enforceable in Nigeria by provision of section 6 (6)(c) of the constitution.
Going forward, the Fundamental Rights contained in Chapter IV of the constitution are enforceable rights of citizens of the country.
The Fundamental Rights as specified under the 1999 constitution, section 33-44, includes:
- Rights to life (section 33)
- Right to dignity of human persons (section 34)
- Right to personal liberty (section 35)
- Right to fair hearing (section 36)
- Right to private and family life (section 37)
- Right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion (section 38)
- Right to freedom of expression and the press (section 39)
- Right to peaceful assembly and association (section 40)
- Right to freedom of movement (section 41)
- Right to freedom from discrimination (section 42)
- Right to acquire and own immovable property (section 43)
- Right against compulsory acquisition of property (section 44)